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Researchers Faculty
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  • Publish Date:2016/10/11
    Modify Date:2018/03/26
Timothy Joseph Lane
  • Position:Joint-appointed Research Fellow
  • TEL:886-2-37897297
  • FAX:886-2-2785-1787
  • Email:timothylane@gate.sinica.edu.tw
Timothy Joseph Lane



  • St. Louis University High School (St. Louis, MO).
  • Indiana University (Bloomington, IN). BA.
  • University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA). Ph. D.
  • Washington University (in St. Louis, MO). Post-doctoral studies.


  • Principal Investigator: National Chengchi University, Research Center for Mind, Brain, and Learning.
  • Full Professor, National Chengchi University


  • Science and philosophy of consciousness
  • Philosophy of Mind
  • Neuroethics
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Philosophy of Psychology/Cognitive Science/Neuroscience
  • Philosophy of Science


  • 意識科學國際研究學會 (Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness)
  • 美國心理科學學會 (Association for Psychological Science)
  • 台灣哲學學會
  • 台灣認知神經科學學會


Recent Published and Forthcoming Manuscripts:
(In preparation) Baseline alpha-band spectral power differences predict susceptibility to the rubber hand illusion.
(Under review) Thalamus-SACC-Insula Connection is a Central Neuronal Signature of Consciousness.  (Co-authored with Qin, Northoff, et al.)
(Under review)  Thought-related network connectivity predicts sertraline effect on major depressive disorder (Co-authored with Kao, et al.)
2018 (In print) Neuroexistentialism, Eudaimonics, and Positive Illusions. In B. Kaldis, Ed. Mind and Society: Cognitive Science Meets the Social Sciences.  Synthese Library Series, Springer. (First and corresponding author) 
2018 The neurophysiological basis of the discrepancy between objective and subjective sleep during sleep onset period: an EEG-fMRI study. Sleep zsy056,https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsy056 (Corresponding author)
2018 Vascular-metabolic and GABAergic inhibitory correlates of neural variability modulation. A combined fMRI and PET study. Neuroscience doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.02.041 (Corresponding author)
2018 (March) Measuring Consciousness. Scientific American (Taiwan Edition) 193, 38-42. (Co-authored with P. Tseng, C. Wu, T. Hsu, J. Myung, N. Duncan) 
2018 (February 15) Abnormal resting state connectivity in a substantia nigra-related striato-thalamo cortical network in a large sample of first-episode drug naïve patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 44(2):419-431. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbx067. (Co-authored with Matino, Magioncalda, et al.)
2018 (January 13) Too fast or too slow? Time and neuronal variability in bipolar disorder—A combined theoretical and empirical investigation. (Co-authored with Northoff, Magioncalda, et al.) Schizophrenia Bulletin 44(1):54-64. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbx050
2017 (December 12) Switching to the rubber hand. Frontiers in Psychology—Cognitive Science. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02172. (Equal contribution and corresponding author)   
2017 (October) Cerebral blood flow autoregulation is impaired in schizophrenia: A pilot study.  Schizophrenia Research 188:63-67. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.01.015.  (Co-authored with Ku, et al.)
2017 (April 2) Philosophy and Psychiatry: Problems, intersections, and new perspectives.  Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 16(4). https://ndpr.nd.edu/news/philosophy-and-psychiatry-problems-intersections-and-new-perspectives/ (Single author)
2017 Timing disownership experiences in the rubber hand illusion. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications 2(1) 1-14. (First and corresponding author) DOI: 10.1186/s41235-016-0041-4
2017 (January 5) Attention and memory-driven effects in action studies.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, pp. 48-49. doi:10.1017/S0140525X15000965, e229 (Corresponding author)
2016 (July) The trajectory of self. Cell: Trends in cognitive sciences. 20, 7, 481-482. (First and corresponding author). 
2016 Spontaneous activity in default-mode network predicts ascription of self-relatedness to stimuli. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience 11, 4, 693-702. (Co-authored with P. Qin, G. Northoff, et al.) 
2016 Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. Elsevier-Oxford (Co-edited with T. W. Hung.)
2016 Rationality and its contexts. In Hung, T. W. and Lane, T. Eds. Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. Elsevier-Oxford.  pp. 3-13. (Single author)
2016 Are depressive ruminations rational? In Hung, T. W. and Lane, T. Eds. Rationality: Constraints and Contexts. Elsevier-Oxford.  
(First and corresponding author) pp. 119-143.
2016 Resting state glutamate predicts pre-stimulus alpha increase during  
    self-relatedness—A combined EEG-MRS study on rest-self overlap. Social
Neuroscience 11, 3, 249-263 (Corresponding author)
2015 Self, belonging, and conscious experience: A critique of subjectivity theories of consciousness.  In R. Gennaro, Ed. Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness.  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pp. 103-140.   (Single author)
2015 GABAA Receptor Deficits Predict Recovery in Patients With Disorders of 
Consciousness: A Preliminary Multimodal [11C] Flumazenil PET and fMRI
Study. Human Brain Mapping 36, 10, 3867-3877 (Co-authored with P. 
Qin, G. Northoff, et al.) 
2014 When actions feel alien: An explanatory model.  In Hung, T. W. Ed. Communicative Action.  Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 53-74.  (Single author)
2012 Timing the rubber hand illusion: Owning the rubber hand involves substitution, not addition. Perception (Supplement), 41, 212.   (Co-authored with Su-Ling Yeh and An-Yi Chang.  
2012 Toward an Explanatory Framework for Mental Ownership. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11(2): 251-286. (Single author)
2011 Self-Consciousness and Immunity. The Journal of Philosophy 108, 2: 78-99. (First and corresponding author)
2010 The Threshold of Wakefulness, the Experience of Control, and Theory Development.  Consciousness and Cognition 19: 1095-1096. (Co-authored with C. M. Yang) 
2010 What Subjective Experiences Determine the Perception of Falling Asleep During the Sleep Onset Period? Consciousness and Cognition 19: 1084-1092.  (Co-authored with C. M. Yang et al.) 
2010 The Ethics of False Belief.  EurAmerica Vol. 40, 3: 591-633. (Single author)
2010 Issues at the Intersection of Ethics, Evolution, and Neuroscience.  EurAmerica Vol. 40, 3: 519-527.  (Single author)
2010 Mental Ownership and Higher-Order Thought Analysis (July) 70, 3: 496-501.  (First and corresponding author) 
2009 Higher-Order Thought and Pathological Selves: The Case of Somatoparaphrenia Analysis (October) 69: 661-668.  (Corresponding author and equal contribution) 
2008 Higher-Order Thought and the Problem of Radical Confabulation The Southern Journal of Philosophy XLVI (1): 69-98. (First and corresponding author)



Academic Awards and Honors:
  • National Honor Society, 1967-1971 (Anna F. Backer Chapter)
  • Joseph and Frances Morgan-Swain Fellow, 1971-1973.
  • National Defense Education Act Fellow, 1976-1978.
  • Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellow, 1981-1982.
  • National Institute of Mental Health Fellow, 1982-1984.
  • Pacific-Cultural Foundation Fellow, 1984-1985.
  • Outstanding Pedagogy Award, National Chengchi University, 2002-2003.
  • Innovative Course Design Award, Ministry of Education, 2006. 
  • Scholarly Research Internationalization Award, National Chengchi University, 2007.
  • Outstanding Research Award, National Chengchi University, 2010-2011
  • National Science Council Special Achievement Award, 2011-2012 (100-3114-C-004-001-ES)
  • National Science Council Outstanding Research Award, 2012. (Taiwan National
  • Science Council/Ministry of Science and Technology, highest award for achievement in research.).
  • Excellence in Research Award, National Chengchi University, 2012. (The highest award for research bestowed by National Chengchi University.).
  • National Science Council Special Achievement Award, 2012-2013. 
  • Distinguished Research Professorship, Institute of Neuroscience, National Chengchi University, 2012-2015. (Offer declined.) 
  • Major External Research Grant Award, Taipei Medical University, 2014. 
  • Wayne G. Basler Chair of Excellence for the Integration of the Arts, Rhetoric, and Science, Eastern Tennessee State University, 2014-2015.
  • Taipei Medical University, Philosophy of Mind-Chaired Professorship, February 1, 2012~Present. 
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Grants: 
  • Tuition Assistance Scholarship, St. Louis University High School (St. Louis, MO). 1967-1971. 
    Joseph and Frances Morgan-Swain Fellowship, Indiana University (Bloomington, IN), 1971-1973.
    Teaching Assistant and Teaching Fellowships, University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA), 1974-1979.  
    National Defense Education Act Fellowship, 1976-1978.
    Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Fellowship, 1981-1982.
    National Institute of Mental Health Fellowship, 1982-1984. (1 F31 MH 08417-01)
    Pacific-Cultural Foundation Fellowship, 1984-1985.
    Washington University in St. Louis (St. Louis, MO) Fellowship, 1991-1992 & 1995-1996. 
    PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2008-2011.  Title: “Self and Conscious Experience.” Grant Number:  97-2410-H-004-154-MY3. Amount: 70,290 (USD).
    PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2011-2014.  Title: “Belongingness: 
    the mental ownership theory and research program.”  Grant Number:
    100-2410-H-004-139-MY3.  Amount: 83,419 (USD)
    PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2014.  Title: “Does neural 
    activity during reward predict self-relatedness?”  Grant Number:
    102-2420-H-038-002-MY2.  Amount: 79, 354 (USD)
    PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2015.  Title: “Self, Consciousness, and Neurophilosophy.” Grant Number: 102-2420-H-038-001-MY3.  Amount: 67, 290 (USD)
    PI—Taipei Medical University, Laboratory Start-Up Grant, 2013-2014. 
    PI—National Science Council Research Grant, 2013-2016. Title: “Cultivation of Young Scholars: Philosophy of Consciousness.”  Grant Number 102-2420-H-038-004-MY3.  Amount: 350,290 (USD)
    PI—Taipei Medical University, Research Team Grant (Brain and Consciousness),
    2013~2015, Amount: 58,064 (USD)  
    Co-PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014~2015. “The 
       neurophysiological basis of consciousness transition during sleep onset period: an
       fMRI study.”  MOST 103-2420-H-004-MY2.  Amount: 72,096 (USD).  
    PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014~2015.  “Predictions 
       of therapeutic effects of Zolpidem in disorders of consciousness patients—a 
       multimodal imaging study.”  Grant Number: MOST 103-2811-H-038 -002.  
       Amount:  29,742 (USD).
    PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2014~2017.  Title: “An fMRI Study of Moral Judgment:  The modulating effects of emotion and religious belief.” Grant Number: MOST 104-2420-H-038-001-MY3.  Amount: 122,806 (USD).  
    PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2016-2017. Title: “Predicting Therapeutic Effects of Zolpidem in Disorders of Consciousness   Patients.”  Grant Number:  MOST 105-2410-H-038-004-MY1.  Amount: 33,612.903 (USD)
    PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2016-2019. Title: “A Multi-Modal Investigation of Self-Consciousness in Major Depressive Disorder.” Grant Number: MOST 105-2632-H-038-001-MY3.  Amount: 218,935 (USD).  
    PI—Ministry of Science and Technology Research Grant, 2017-2020. Title: 
    “Predicting Therapeutic Effects of Zolpidem in Disorders of Consciousness 
    Patients.” Grant Number: 106-2410-H-038-003-MY3. Amount: 150,000 (USD)