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美國食品安全現代化法淺析

357

(

)

食品追蹤追溯與紀錄留存備查

雖然食品追蹤追溯為食品安全監管體系之重要構成要件,

FSMA

並未課予

FDA

成立食品追查制度之義務。

FSMA

指示

FDA

應加強監管體系以及考慮建立食品追查系統,追蹤及追溯食物供應

鏈之歷史與產品流向,並進行長期監督,利用更豐富資料來源,有

效執行風險控管及查驗工作。依據

FSMA

的規定,

FDA

應於新法生

效九個月內制定試驗性計畫

(

pilot projects

),研究快速有效辨認食

品業者與食用者的方法,以預防或減輕食物中毒事件、解決食品汙

染或攙假所帶來之嚴重健康影響。

44

具體而言,

FDA

應確保此等試

驗性計畫可反映食品供應之多樣性,並包含至少三種前五年間引發

重大食安事件之食品,以發展迅速有效之食品追蹤追溯方法

(

methods for rapid and effective tracking and tracing of foods

),以及

有助於加強食品追蹤追溯之科技。

45

此外,

FDA

應視情況所需,建

立產品追查系統

(

product tracing system

),以提高

FDA

快速、有效

44

21 U.S.C. 2223

(

a

)(

1

)

(

as amended by FSMA § 204

)

.

45

21 U.S.C. 2223

(

a

)(

2

)

(

as amended by FSMA § 204

)

:

(

2

)

CONTENT—The Secretary shall conduct 1 or more pilot projects under para-

graph

(

1

)

in coordination with the processed food sector and 1 or more such pilot

projects in coordination with processors or distributors of fruits and vegetables that are

raw agricultural commodities. The Secretary shall ensure that the pilot projects under

paragraph

(

1

)

reflect the diversity of the food supply

and

include at least 3 different

types of foods that

have been the subject of significant outbreaks during the 5-year

period preceding the date of enactment of this Act, and

are selected in order to—

(

A

)

develop and demonstrate methods for rapid and effective tracking and tracing of

foods in a manner that is practicable for facilities of varying sizes, including small

businesses;

(

B

)

develop and demonstrate appropriate technologies, including technologies existing

on the date of enactment of this Act, that enhance the tracking and tracing of

food; and

(

C

)

inform the promulgation of regulations under subsection

(

d

)

.