Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  50 / 200 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 50 / 200 Next Page
Page Background






Local emergency managers bear the responsibilities to lead,

design, and implement local EM policies and engage in

collaboration. Their job duties include the following: 1) to

communicate and coordinate with higher levels of governments

in both normal times and in emergencies; 2) to handle grant

applications and administration; 3) to follow federal, state, and

county EM frameworks and to design local EM plans; 4) to

improve local EM capacity through trainings, drills, exercises,

and education; 5) to comfort and assist the public during a

disaster; and 6) to implement various collaborations for

successfully responding to all types of emergencies and disasters.

Although they are not the people who stand on the front line to

rescue people, they have to handle daily EM work well and be

ready to face any emergency at any time. Therefore, a successful

local EM worker should have excellent interpersonal and

political skills and be flexible and adaptive to the environment,

which current studies have highlighted. Particularly, EM

capacity improvement is not only an important part of a local

EM’s job duties, but also an essential criterion for collaboration.

Local governments’ EM capacity level is determined by their

metropolitan status, geographic location, population size,

federal and state funding, local EM resources, EM training, and

local EM agency size. In addition, it influences how they

respond to emergencies and disasters as they engage in various


NIMS was originally a national standard which was

designed to foster collaboration among all levels of governments.

However, it is criticized as a synonym of federal control.

According to the interviewees’ perspective in this study, NIMS is

generally viewed as a useful system which helps people in

different places communicate efficiently and effectively and

therefore decreases misunderstanding during an emergency.

However, the over-formalized structure, the centralized control,

and the tedious paperwork were mentioned as being