歐美研究季刊第46卷第1期 - page 76

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theory toward prevention of VAW. A basic rationale for moving
from protection to prevention is this: for addressing VAW,
scholarly attention has been largely centered on providing
protections of one kind or another, but these arguments have
important limitations, as discussed earlier, not because of the
inapplicability of this concept but because of the myriad demands
placed on it. By servicing multiple and competing needs of the
existing arguments, which do not always have a consistent
conception of protection, this concept has become a protean
concept. As a result, this concept is largely ineffective and has in
one case become self-defeating. Notably, protection emergent from
within contextually wise, deliberative-democratic approaches aims
to provide relief from economic hardship for dependent women
and children. But financial protection deepens the sense of
dependency that women and children have on the male head of the
family. In so doing, at least temporarily, this sort of protection
sustains the patriarchal institution of polygyny that ends up
undermining personal autonomy. This is a limitation. Furthermore,
economic protection does not provide means of escape, should
dependent women and children become victimized by the male
head of the family, which is an occurrence with high statistical
probability as indicated in this article’s introduction. This is another
limitation. Most importantly, economic protection does not
advance the autonomy interest of some ambitious young women
who may not find polygynous marriage an attractive option but are
exposed to it
thus, under some pressure to consider it as an equal,
or at least alternative, option to
autonomous life. Clearly, interest
in polygyny runs counter to interest in autonomy; protection for
the former runs counter to protection for the latter. In this light, it
seems to me, the concept of protection has been over-applied, so
much that the existing approaches are beset by significant
limitations.
It would be wrong to suggest that we should throw out the
(protection) baby with the bathwater. The concept of protection
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