歐美研究季刊第46卷第1期 - page 75

“Human Rights Protection, Democratic Deliberation”
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A question that suggests itself is: does this policing approach
work
? All the arguments about the components of prevention
remain abstract if no actual implication follows. This account is a
thought-experiment, and nothing more, if the components do not
cohere in any way. To answer this question, let me turn to a case in
which the nuts-and-bolts of prevention come and work together;
this case demonstrates the effectiveness of taking proactive
measures consistent with preemption, deterrence, and predictive
analysis. In the United Kingdom, the Forced Marriage Unit has the
special remit to rescue girl-children and young women who are
forced into marriage.
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The unit’s responses include: “confiscate
the passports of potential victims,” in essence, to preempt forced
marriage by withholding the means that permits it, and “compel
family relatives of the victim to tell authorities where the young
women and girl-children have been taken if they are no longer in
Britain,” which draws upon the right-to-ask and the right-to-know,
in addition to acting upon the results of predictive analysis. These
are extraordinary orders, given for the purpose of addressing the
problematic of forced marriage which the girl-children with some
as young as nine have been confirmed by United Kingdom’s
Ministry of Justice to have had received civil safeguards. By
tailoring the remit of this unit to providing civil safeguards to
children and young women who self-identify as having been
coerced into marriage, the law has given special authority to this
special unit, so that it is permitted to deploy unconventional
practices. The results of the forced marriage unit are noteworthy: in
the first year after the Forced Marriage Act of 2007 came into
effect, eighty-six victims have received civil safeguards, namely,
police interventions, which represent “twice the number of the
[British] Government had expected to seek help.”
A fair amount of empirical evidence has been provided. Let
me see if it may be worked up to serve as the basis of a prototype
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All the information and quotes are drawn from the report by Gledhill (2010).
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