歐美研究季刊第46卷第1期 - page 73

“Human Rights Protection, Democratic Deliberation”
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will check every request to ensure it is necessary. Then, trained
police officers and advisors would provide support. Like the French
law that enables people to receive timely police intervention so as to
preempt the occurrence of VAW, the purpose of this English and
Welsh is to ensure that the police are “doing all they could to
protect victims and the public from dangerous people who had
repeatedly shown violent tendencies” (Travis, 2009), such as going
from relationship to relationship and serially perpetrating abuse
and violence against women.
Barring co-habitation in the victim’s place of residence, which
would be contrary to standard police practices, as well as
unconstitutional in liberal-democratic states, the next best strategy
seems to be deterrence, i.e., measures that send consistent signals to
the perpetrator with the clear intention of averting the
phenomenon of VAW. In this, then, deterrence should be the
second component of prevention. As implemented by the police
department of New York City, officers tasked with handling
domestic violence cases carry out these assignments: make patrol
visits in the guise of home visits to households with past episodes,
check to see if the perpetrator has returned to the victim’s home,
which would violate restraining (barring) order, and continue with
home visits long after the conclusion of criminal case. The desired
effect of these strategic visits is to make the perpetrators wary of
violating their restraining orders. Upon achieving this outcome, it
seems to me, the police will have brought about deterrence, but
should the home visits prove inadequate as means of deterrence, a
more robust response can be triggered. So far the outcomes are
largely favorable; indeed, the home visits constitute “the
cornerstone of [the police’s] response to domestic violence.”
46
Now one might ask, how do the police determine which
households to patrol?
47
Behind the precautionary home visits is the
46
Chief Kathleen M. O’Reilly, head of the New York Police Department’s domestic
violence unit, cited by Goldstein (2013).
47
This paragraph is based on the information reported by Goldstein (2013).
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