Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  40 / 200 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 40 / 200 Next Page
Page Background






According to the interview responses, requesting

intelligence and professional services from for-profit businesses

and non-governmental organizations is the second main reason

why horizontal-intersectoral collaboration occurs (ID10, ID11,

& ID14). Counties and municipalities have to collaborate with

utility companies, telecommunication companies, and

infrastructure providers to restore electricity, water, roadways,

cables, and phone systems as soon as possible. The non-

governmental organizations usually offer professional services

that local EM agencies cannot. For instance, during a disaster,

the American Red Cross is known for its capability in providing

emergency housing, shelters, and medical services. Local

community associations usually better know the neighborhood

and local needs. Therefore, local governments need help from

non-governmental organizations to respond effectively and

efficiently to a disaster or evacuate residents. A city EM deputy

commented the following:

They know the neighborhood. They know the people.

They get out there more than we do. And then we can’t

do it all, so we need them to be able to help to respond

[to the disaster] with us. (ID14)

Horizontal-intersectoral collaboration can be understood

as a consulting process. A local EM agency can be viewed as a

consultant who provides local businesses professional advice for

improving their EM skills and knowledge and industrial security.

This view has become increasingly obvious as attention to

security issues became more pronounced following the 9/11

incident. Several large county EM directors remarked that local

businesses have increased their interest in EM-related issues and

prefer to partner with county governments because such a

partnership can enhance their EM planning capability and

increase their knowledge about protecting infrastructure. An

interviewee mentioned: