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Myles Crawford: an editor with a “harsh voice,” “bold blue

eyes,” and “a scarlet beaked face, creased by a comb of

feathery hair” (Joyce, 1986: 104). Professor MacHugh calls

him “the sham squire” (104), in reference to Francis Higgins

(1746-1802), an infamous libeler and informer who rose from

an attorney’s clerk to eventually the ownership of the

Freeman’s Journal

by palming himself off as a country

gentleman and marrying a respectable woman (Gifford &

Seidman, 1988: 135). The allusion inadvertently relates the


to “a rather shameful period” (Kershner, 2010: 99)

and associates Crawford with a notorious pressman


anti-Irish Irishman indeed. Repeated mentions of Crawford’s

“scarlet face” (Joyce, 1986: 105) are suggestive of his

alcoholism. Ned Lambert whispers to J. J. O’Molloy,

“Incipient jigs. Sad case” (105), and MacHugh makes the

remark that “He’s pretty well on” (107), respectively

suggesting advanced alcoholism and half drunkenness (Gifford

& Seidman, 1988: 135-136). Throughout the episode, it is

drinks, not work, for which Crawford shows greater

enthusiasm. So eager is he to go out for a drink that when

Bloom informs him of the Keyes advertisement, he responds

impatiently with an insult, “He can kiss my royal Irish arse”

(Joyce, 1986: 121), oblivious of his position as


editor in

charge of the office and responsible for the business of the


The alcoholic editor is also characterized by changeability.

His association with Aeolus inevitably gives him this attribute.

Bloom remarks that “Myles Crawford began on the


” (Joyce, 1986: 103), which was set up after the

Parnell scandal and devoted to championing the views of

Parnellites, but gradually veered from a radical policy to a

other papers (Gifford & Seidman, 1988: 129). As the evening version of the

Freeman’s Journal

, the

Evening Telegraph

is closely associated with its sister

publication. To discuss the one is thus to include the other.