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Vol. 45, No. 3


September 2015





Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

Democratic Implications of

the Treaty of Lisbon


Chien-Yi Lu

Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd., Taipei 11529, Taiwan



How did the Treaty of Lisbon fare in addressing the

EU’s democratic deficit? The main criticism regarding the

democratic implications of European integration pre-Lisbon

is epitomized by the concern that merely lumping together

various channels or mechanisms of democratic representation

and public control will not necessarily result in adequate

democratic representation. Instead, poorly coordinated

organs may interfere with, and undermine, one another. I

examine the degree to which the Treaty of Lisbon improves

or worsens the democratic deficit by analyzing the reforms

made with reference to the European Parliament, the

Council, the European Council, and national parliaments.

With respect to the European Parliament, the article focuses

on the alleged disconnect between MEPs and the electorate,

and the implications of ordinary legislative procedures on

the legislative pattern and legislative behavior of the EP.

With regards to the Council and the European Council,

attention is directed toward the gatekeeping functions of

national executives in light of the prevalence of trilogues and

Received April 15, 2013; accepted July 22, 2015; last revised July 23, 2015

Proofreaders: Yi-Hsin Lai, Teyi Yu, Chia-Chi Tseng