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Paris is gay . . . They believe in enjoying life

and don’t you

think they’re right?” (77). He advises his friend “to knock

about a bit in the world” (76), which means to lead a life of

debauchery in Paris, London, and other European capitals. He

sketches for Little Chandler “some pictures of the corruption

which was rife abroad,” claiming that “he had had personal

experience” (78). Marriage for him signifies a union not with

his beloved but with money: “I mean to marry money” (81).

Over the course of their conversation, Little Chandler’s

admiration turns increasingly to disillusionment; he observes

“something vulgar in his friend,” but attributes it to “the result

of living in London amid the bustle and competition of the

Press” (76-77). It is thus revealed that Gallaher is not only

vulgar but corrupt. “THE GREAT GALLAHER” (Joyce, 1986:

111) has never been a “great” intellectual; his “vagrant and

triumphant life” (1996: 80) is a vicious one. “[T]awdry

journalism” (80) may have corrupted Gallaher as his friend

believes, but the pressman has corrupted the press as well


Crawford and his like have corrupted Irish journalism.

While the Irish-born Gallaher lives amid the bustle and

competition of the London Press, Joseph Patrick Nannetti, a

man of Italian descent, works among the loud machinery of the


offices. The foreman, also a member of Parliament

and later the Lord Mayor of Dublin, “boomed that workaday

worker tack for all it was worth” (Joyce, 1986: 98), and could

therefore be seen as a Gramscian organic intellectual. Unlike

the alcoholic Crawford—more interested in drinking than

doing his job—Nannetti is fully preoccupied with his work: he

consents to the Keyes advertisement rather than rebuffing the

canvasser and the advertiser. So concentrated on work is he

that throughout his encounter with Bloom, the foreman speaks

only twice: “We can do that . . . Have you the design?”; “We

can do that. . . . Let him give us a three months’ renewal”

(100). After saying that, the foreman “began to check [a