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observed between Asian ethnic groups. The current Asian American

population comes from more than twenty countries in the

Asia-Pacific region. According to the Census 2000 data, the three

largest groups of ethnic Asian Americans are of Chinese, Filipino,

and Asian Indian ancestry (Xie & Goyette, 2004). The other

populations of ethnic groups come from Korea, Japan, Vietnam,

and several other South Asian countries, such as Bangladesh,

Cambodia, Lao, the Hmong, and Thailand. Such cultural diversity

only emerged after US immigration reform in the 1960s. Over the

past few decades, the rapid growth of migration from the Far East

has resulted in the dominance of first-generation immigrants from

various Asian countries (Zhou & Xiong, 2005). Hence, the

socioeconomic status of immigrants in their native countries and

the modes of entry become important determinants of Asian

Americans’ adjustments and life chances in the United States.

Unlike Hispanic immigrants who are largely uneducated and

low-skilled, Asian American immigrants are more diverse in

socioeconomic makeup that reveals stark regional variations. This

study will separate the Asian American population into three

sub-groups: East Asians, Filipinos, and South Asians. The rationale

for such a categorization is largely because Chinese, Filipinos, and

Asian Indians are the three largest ethnic groups among all Asian

Americans, based on the Census 2000 report (Barnes & Bennett,

2002). Generally speaking, immigrants from East Asian countries

are much better-educated and are over-represented in white-collar,

professional occupations, whereas immigrants from South Asia tend

to have more limited human capital at their disposal. They tend to

complete few years of education and have lower family income

than their East Asian counterparts (Xie & Goyette, 2004).

Differential motivations for departing from their homeland have

been a major explanation for their distinct socioeconomic profiles.

The post-1970 immigrants from East Asia have selectively come to

the U.S. in search of advanced post-graduate studies or further

professional development. In contrast, immigrants from South Asia