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him rudely not only because he beat him at bowls long time

ago, but because the rival who married a sexually attractive

woman is a Jew and canvasser

a member of a degenerate race

and not employed in a traditionally respectable occupation.

Chauvinistic, narrow-minded, and snobbish, Menton takes

advantage of women, harbors long-lasting enmity, and slights

the socially inferior

and yet he is supposed to be a

practitioner of law and representative of justice. The irony

cannot be more obvious.

Besides the talents of the press and the law, those who

dominate the conversation in the newspaper office include the

Latin professor MacHugh, an intellectual in the field of

Classics and education. Sarcastically addressed by Crawford as

“bloody old pedagogue” (Joyce, 1986: 104), the professor is

portrayed as a shabby scholar with “frayed stained shirtcuffs”

(108) and “soiled,” “unglazed linen collar” (116). But what

characterizes him when he first appears in the episode is his

ravenousness: he busies himself in eating. As Bloom enters the

office, MacHugh murmurs “biscuitfully” (102), listening to

Ned Lambert’s reading of the Dawson speech on the paper.

The professor makes disparaging remarks on the speech, and

meanwhile eats biscuits avariciously: “He ate off the crescent

of water biscuit he had been nibbling and, hungered, made

ready to nibble the biscuit in his other hand” (102). Bloom

then inquires about the speech, and “the professor said

between his chews” (103). Hungering for food rather than

knowledge, showing greediness instead of learnedness,

MacHugh undermines what we expect of a scholar and

educator: he appears to be more a ravenous animal than a

learned intellectual.

An unquestionably oral being, MacHugh is busily

engaged not only in eating but also in talking. He begins his

lecture on Rome after O’Molloy makes a casual remark on

Imperium romanum

: “We mustn’t be led away by words, by