歐美研究季刊第46卷第1期 - page 60

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armed conflict, the economy, decision-making, and human rights,
this strategy has been demonstrated to be “ineffective” (Peach,
2001: 184; see also Kelly, 2005: 476; Merry, 2006: 237, n. 1;
Moser, 2005: 585; Moser & Moser, 2005: 15; Walby, 2005:
463).
27
III. Contextually Wise, Democratic-Deliberative
Approaches
Since neither the context-full approaches of human rights and
human capabilities, nor the context-less approach of gender
mainstreaming is altogether satisfactory, an alternative approach is
needed, one that can navigate between the two discussed so far. For
that, let me examine the “contextually wise”
approaches (Okin,
2005a: 86), which form part of the multiculturalism literature.
Largely refraining from the liberal solution, scholars, including
Okin, have turned to a complex version of context-sensitive
solution, one that is combined with democratic deliberation.
28
In
addition, by way of making democratic deliberation truly inclusive,
scholars have endorsed the normative principles of
non-domination,
political equality or inclusiveness, and revisability (Deveaux, 2006:
27
Evidence from the first decade (1995-2005) suggests, at best, the outcomes of
gender mainstreaming to be inconclusive (The Advocates for Human Rights,
2008).
28
Following her controversial intervention in the multiculturalism literature, the
later Okin (2003: 297; 2005a: 87; 2005b: 102) endorsed a non-essentialist view
of culture. Okin might have further developed her non-essentialist view, but this
is not certain given her death. In accounts of democratic deliberation addressing
contentious cultural and religious practices, within which some cases of VAW are
embedded, the non-essentialist views are defended. Among others, see Deveaux
(2006: chaps. 1, 4, 8); Phillips (2007: chaps. 1, 2, 3); Song (2007: chap. 2). The
liberal solution has not disappeared. In this article, for reasons of scope, I
deliberately set it aside. For an account that “situates itself squarely within the
liberal tradition,” see Weinstock (2007: 244). Accounts that combine to varying
degrees the democratic-deliberative solution with the liberal solution include
Mookherjee (2009: chaps. 1, 2, 5) and Song (2007: chap. 3).
I...,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59 61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,...XIV
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