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Desiring Brotherhood


1980s and 1990s) entanglement of the domestic and the foreign.

The traditional notion of the region has been challenged and

supplanted by more relevant global geographic formations. For

instance, Tom Lutz’s

Cosmopolitan Vistas: American Regionalism

and Literary Value

(2004) emphasizes the “cosmopolitan openness”

that characterizes regional literature. In

Writing Out of Place:

Regionalism, Women, and American Literary Culture


Judith Fetterley and Marjorie Pryse approach regionalism through

the lens of feminism, and provide us with an alternative vantage

point from which to consider questions of regionalism in a global

setting. Philip Joseph’s

American Literary Regionalism in a Global


(2007) is another endeavor to bridge regionalism and

cosmopolitanism. Examining the works of Hamlin Garland, Sarah

Orne Jewett, Willa Cather, Zora Neale Hurston, William Faulkner

and others, Joseph argues that these regionalist writers

demonstrate regionalism’s “interlocutory potential” and its

capacity to engage actively with external cultural worlds other than

the one of origin. Harilaos Stecopoulos’s book,

Reconstructing the


(2008), calls for a new “post-nationalist” and “post-

regionalist” study of U.S. empire. These post-regionalist American

studies inform much of this paper, which benefits a great deal from

these scholars’ expanding and illuminating readings of questions of

regions and regionalism. Although Stecopoulos, in Chapter Four of

Reconstructing the World

, reads McCullers’s military fictions as a

critique of American empire from a regional perspective, he

devotes most of the chapter to an examination of

The Member of

the Wedding

. Like Stecopoulos, I emphasize the relationship of the

U.S. South and the U.S. empire; indeed, my in-depth analysis of

Reflections in a Golden Eye

complements Stecopoulos’s reading of

McCullers’s military themes, in which


is mentioned

merely in passing.

Therefore, this paper will focus on McCullers’s second novel,

Reflections in a Golden Eye

, a strange tale that received accusations