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334

E

UR

A

MERICA

Appendix C

Appendix C continues the section on the analytical methods

used in this study. More equations of calculation of these

standardized rates are shown in the following:

p-P =

α

-effect +

β

-effect +

γ

-effect

α

-effect=Q(hi) – Q(Hi)

β

-effect=Q(mi) – Q(Mi)

γ

-effect=Q(wi) – Q(Wi)

Q(Hi)=(

Σ

Hi x mi x wi +

Σ

Hi x Mi x Wi)/3 + (

Σ

Hi x mi x

Wi +

Σ

Hi x Mi x wi)/6

Q(Mi)=(

Σ

hi x Mi x wi +

Σ

Hi x Mi x Wi)/3 + (

Σ

hi x Mi x

Wi +

Σ

Hi x Mi x wi)/6

Q(Wi)=(

Σ

hi x mi x Wi +

Σ

Hi x Mi x Wi)/3 + (

Σ

hi x Mi x

Wi +

Σ

Hi x mi x Wi)/6

Q(hi)=(

Σ

hi x Mi x Wi +

Σ

hi x mi x wi)/3 + (

Σ

hi x Mi x wi

+

Σ

hi x mi x Wi)/6

Q(mi)=(

Σ

Hi x mi x Wi +

Σ

hi x mi x wi)/3 + (

Σ

Hi x mi x wi

+

Σ

hi x mi x Wi)/6

Q(wi)=(

Σ

Hi x Mi x wi +

Σ

hi x mi x wi)/3 + (

Σ

Hi x mi x wi

+

Σ

hi x Mi x wi)/6

where

p-P

is the difference in poverty rates between Taiwan and

any other country in this study;

α

-effect

is the contribution of the

difference in the living arrangements of young adults between

Taiwan and another country; similarly,

β

-effect

is the contribution

of the difference in the BTST income poverty rates of young adults

between Taiwan and another country; finally,

γ

-effect

is the

contribution of the difference in welfare effectiveness reducing the

BTST income poverty of young adults between Taiwan and

another country. Specifically,

Q(Hi)

is the

βγ

-standardized rates for

household composition in Taiwan for household type

i

and

Q(hi)

is

the

βγ

-standardized rate in any other country included in this study.

Likewise,

Q(Mi)

and

Q(mi)

are the

αγ

-standardized rates for BTST