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changes of both Pakistan and Britain in both 1914-1915, and

1929-1930. While Quayyum and Najeeb represent Pashtun men’s

ambivalence towards WWI, with a focus on their strong sense of

national allegiance and involvement in civil disobedience, Vivian, as an

Englishwoman, provides a different perspective from which to

examine British and Pakistani politics. Through her, the novel reveals

in particular the relevance of the women’s rights movement to local

and global politics. Vivian, her father, and best friend all support the

Great War so zealously that Vivian betrays her beloved Tahsin; her

father expects her to “join the mobile nursing units at the Front”

(Shamsie, 2014c: 52), and Mary’s brother dies of wounds. This is a

collective memory of WWI shared by many British people, but, as

Rajender Kaur points out, through the story of Quayyum and the 40th

Pathans, Shamsie’s novel “participates in revaluations of the ‘Great

War’ by addressing more than a few of the blind spots in the collective

memory of the British” (2014). It foregrounds “the heavy toll paid by

thousands of Indian soldiers who fought for the Allied cause as part of

the British empire” (Kaur, 2014). Less noticed by critics of the novel is,

however, Vivian’s feminist motivation to join the war. Like her friend,

Mary, who “had transformed so rapidly and completely from the

suffragette who smashed windows, to this zealous supporter of the

war” (Shamsie, 2014c: 33), Vivian wants to prove that women are as

“indispensable” as men in times of war (37). As a daughter and the

only child in the family, she desires to meet the expectations of her

father, who once declared that “[a] daughter nursing in a Class A

hospital was almost as fine as a son going into battle” (35). The novel

highlights how the Great War in Europe parallels not only the

independence movement in Peshawar but also the campaign for

women’s suffrage in London. This parallelism is not merely a

chronological coincidence. Rather, the national and other local

movements in Peshawar and London for political independence and

gender equality, respectively, have affected and conditioned, albeit in

opposite ways, the British Empire’s transnational involvement in the

Great War. A close correlation between local and global politics is thus