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It was in such a cultural milieu that Joyce grew into an

intellectual. Like his predecessors and contemporaries, Joyce

had his finger on the pulse of political turmoil and social

unrest, but took a stance different from theirs. He might have

appreciated O’Connell’s advocacy of Jewish emancipation and

abolition of slavery, but was impatient with his sectarianism.

Young Irelanders and Revivalists’ appeal to Gaelic materials

repulsed him, as he perceived in their ideals parochialism,

nostalgia, and divorcement from reality. His admiration for

Parnell was sincere, but he chose a literary vocation over

politics. In


Joyce the intellectual writes about

intellectuals, anatomizing elite figures in a tumultuous Ireland

striving for freedom. Undisputedly, Joyce has been celebrated

for his portrayal of the common people, Leopold and Molly

Bloom in particular, but he has also presented an unforgettable

character of the intelligentsia, Stephen Dedalus, in whose

resistance and nonconformity Said sees the defining

characteristics of the intellectual (1996: 16-17). In addition to

Stephen the artist, we observe in


a diversity of

intellectuals: educators, men of letters, politicians, solicitors,

physicians, etc. Their appearance in the text reveals Joyce’s

awareness of the constant presence of intellectuals in

early-twentieth-century Dublin. Unlike the much-discussed

Stephen, however, these characters have received little critical

attention; the question as to how and why Joyce depicts these

potentially influential members of the elite remains largely

unexplored. In an attempt to dissect Joyce’s representations of

the intellectuals, this paper will center on “Aeolus,” the

episode of “OMNIUM GATHERUM” which brings together

“[a]ll the talents” (1986: 111)

talents of the press, the law,

Classics, and literature.


In contrast with those of his


“Scylla and Charybdis” and “Oxen of the Sun” are the other episodes which

abound in intellectuals, dominated by literary personages and medical

students respectively. “Aeolus,” on the other hand, gathers intellectuals from