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is true for both Filipino cohabiting and marital unions and is

stronger in the latter form of relationships. Whether this pattern is

due to geographic proximity (e.g., more Filipinos live in major

immigrant destinations) or structural barriers would be an

important topic for future research to address.

A number of study limitations should be noted. First of all, it

would be more ideal if discrete-time event history analyses were

used. However, data requirements are also more intense for event

history analyses than regular logistic regression. That is, any

variable that could be time-varying should have complete

yearly/monthly records. For the current study, family structure

should be time-varying, but it is not possible to know whether a

respondent went through parental divorce or remarriage or

re-partnering between Waves 1 and 4 (a time span of 12-14 years).

In turn, a strong assumption of

no change

in family structure would

need to be posed if event history analyses are to be used. This is not

appropriate and hence logistic regression models were used instead.

Secondly, finer ethnic categories could not be used due to the

limited number of Asian American youths in the Add Health data.

It is not ideal to group youths of Asian Indian and other

South/Southeast Asian origins together, since the former often have

parents with better socioeconomic profiles than the latter. This is

largely due to the fact that the majority of post-1965 immigration

from India is composed of students seeking advanced scientific

studies in the U.S. (Sheth, 1995), while most of the South and

Southeast Asian Americans entered the U.S. through the refugee

resettlement program (Rumbaut, 1995). Lastly, substantial sample

attrition took place between Waves 1 and 4 of Add Health that

could potentially lead to some bias in estimations, which is a

common data issue among longitudinal surveys.

In conclusion, this paper adds to the current literature on

ethnic variations in union formation among Asian Americans in two

ways. First, the data structure of Add Health offers a unique

opportunity to investigate whether a first marriage is preceded by