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much higher than those reported by Liang and Ito (1999). The

difference is likely due to the fact that their study dealt with Asian

Americans born in the mid-1920s to 1970, while the current study

analyzed individuals born in the mid-1970s to early 1980s. Figures

in these two studies reveal a cohort shift toward higher rates of

cohabitation among Asian American immigrants.

For first marriages, East Asian and Filipino Americans are

significantly less likely than whites to have married in young

adulthood. Across Asian ethnic groups, East Asian and Filipino

Americans delay first marriages longer than South Asian Americans

(comparison between Filipinos and South Asians not shown but

marginally significant at .10 level). Results also highlight the

importance of nativity status: the odds of first-generation Asian

Americans to remain single in young adulthood are 64% lower

when compared to the third-generation. This shows that as Asian

Americans become more acculturated to the mainstream culture

they are more likely to delay their marriages than those who just

arrived in the U.S. Given that a smaller proportion of South Asian

immigrants completed tertiary education, it is not surprising to find

that more of them were already married in young adulthood. The

results correspond to prior research showing how school enrolment

among women is associated with delayed timing of first marriages

(Brien & Lillard, 1994; Mensch, Singh, & Casterline, 2005). It also

underscores the fact that ethnic variations should not be

overlooked when studying Asian American union formation.

Regarding the outcomes of first cohabitation and first

marriage, the odds of turning a first cohabitation into a marriage is

nearly 80% higher for Filipino Americans than that of East Asian

Americans. This is particularly true if the first cohabiting partner is

white than when he/she is from other racial minority group. The

pattern reveal here suggests that although Filipino Americans are

not more likely to cohabit than the other two Asian subgroups,

their cohabiting unions function more like a “trial marriage” and

are more likely to lead to long-term marital relationships.

Moreover, co-residential unions formed between Asian Americans