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E

UR

A

MERICA

Vol. 47, No. 2

(

June 2017

)

,

143-175

©

Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

http://euramerica.org

Advanced Education and Mortality

Compression in the United States



Chi-Tsun Chiu

Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Rd., Taipei 11529, Taiwan

E-mail:

ctchiu@gate.sinica.edu.tw

Abstract

Studies regarding education as a “fundamental cause” of

health disparities have shown that people who are more-

educated enjoy longer life expectancy and a compression of

mortality compared with their less-educated counterparts.

Previous studies have shown the significance of education for

mortality compression, but may have overlooked

heterogeneity and the importance of education-mortality

compression association with postsecondary schooling. This

study aims to examine whether advanced education has

become increasingly important in determining the life chances

of individuals in the United States using the Health and

Retirement Study. The results not only show the educational

gradients of longevity along with mortality compression, but

also imply that advanced education has become increasingly

important in determine life chances in the United States.

Key Words:

Education, mortality compression, modal age of

death, standard deviation above the mode

Received August 17, 2016; accepted March 22, 2017; last revised March 24, 2017

Proofreaders: Wenchi Chang, Liang-Wei Huang

,

TsaiYing Lu