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republic of Israel were routed, massacred, and driven into the sea”

(29). Dismayed by the “grim revelations of the slaughter of two

million Jews in Europe, by the barbarity of the rout of Zionism, by

the plight of the refugees of Palestine and Europe” (29), the US

Congress passed the Sitka Settlement Act in 1948 and “granted the

Sitka Settlement ‘interim status’ as a federal district,” adding an

additional clause that said “In sixty years that status would revert,

and the Sitka Jews would be left once again to shift for themselves”

(29). The Sitka Settlement Act is the second action taken by the US

to solve the so-called Jewish problem. Neither the Alaskan

Settlement Act nor the Sitka Settlement Act comes without

conditions. Neither, moreover, can fill the void felt by Alaskan Jews

concerning their perpetual homelessness and statelessness.

For some years, the economy in Alaska, with the arrival of the

first wave of Jews after the implementation of the Alaskan

Settlement Act, was “booming,” and the Alaskan Jews made efforts

to settle and make themselves feel at home in Alaska. Circumstances

changed drastically afterwards. When the first wave of immigrants

arrived, they were hopeful of their eventual return to their “home,”

even though it is not Israel to which they want to return. The first

wave of Jewish immigrants came from Eastern Europe, and it is their

homes in Eastern Europe for which they pine. The arrival of the

second wave of immigrants from the newly eradicated Israel in 1948

did not renew the hope of the first wave of Jewish immigrants for a

homecoming, but shattered their dream of an eventual Return. Their

temporary stay drags on, a prolonged sixty-year “waiting for Godot.”

Throughout all these years, Jews suppress their knowledge of the

eventual end of their tenure in Alaska, with occasional efforts made

by different individuals either toying with the Jewish belief in the

redemption offered by the coming of the Messiah, or fighting with

Russian gangsters in ethnic ghettos, or scheming to establish a

Zionist state, not in Palestine, but in Alaska, for Diasporic Jews.

The second wave of Jewish immigrants comes to Alaska after

their territorial-bound dream for founding a Zionist state in