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and essentially self-reflective. Shamsie’s cosmopolitanism

issues forth from the perspectives of silenced and

marginalized Pakistanis, Muslims, migrants, and women, but

it does not take plurality simply as the goal when challenging

universal norms that are essentially ethnocentric, as

exemplified by the global designs of British imperialism and

American nationalism. At the same time as it addresses

uneven international and cross-cultural relations, it also

acutely discerns, from a micro-societal perspective, changes

within personal, national, and other local identities. It

reflects internally and reflexively on the problems of Islamic

fundamentalism, divided loyalties and nationalism, as well as

gender politics in Pakistan. Shamsie’s works ultimately and

paradoxically show that, rather than mobility across borders,

reflexive self-understanding is a core component of

cosmopolitanism, on the basis of which connection to the

world is critically established.

Key Words:

politics, critical cosmopolitanism,



Burnt Shadows


A God in Every Stone