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“Ethnic Variations in Characteristics of First Unions” 199

remain single (OR=0.58, p<.05) than East Asians, net of all

socio-demographic controls and generational status. First-

generation Asian Americans have a much lower chance of

remaining unmarried than their third-generation peers (OR=0.36,

p<.01). The finding supports hypothesis H2 that stated East Asian

and Filipino Americans are less likely to be married during young

adulthood than their South Asian counterparts.

(C) The Outcome of First Cohabitation

In Table 3c, East Asian and Filipino Americans are less likely to

end their first cohabitation in marriage in the baseline model

(OR=0.47, p<.01 and OR=0.68, p<.05, see models on the left).

East Asians remain much less likely to marry after first cohabitation

even after generational status is considered (OR=0.54, p<.05).

This statistical significance remains when the race of partner is

added to Model 3. On the right side of Table 3c, South Asians are

more likely (OR=1.71, p<.10) to turn a first cohabitation into a

marriage in the baseline model, but the effect disappeared when a

set of covariates was added in Model 2. When the race of the

partner is taken into account, Filipino Americans become more

likely (OR=1.78, p<.10) to marry their first cohabiting partner

than East Asians. One intriguing finding to be noted is that Asian

Americans who cohabit with a white partner (OR=1.70, p<.10)

are more likely to end up in marriage, compared to when the partner

comes from other racial minority groups. These findings support

hypothesis H3 that stated first cohabitation experienced by Filipino

Americans are more likely to end in marriage than those of their

East and South Asian peers.

(D) Premarital Cohabitation Before First Marriage

As presented in Table 3m (models in the left side), South

Asians are significantly less likely than whites to have a first

marriage preceded by cohabitation (OR=0.39, p<.01), but this