ADVISORY BOARD King-Kok Cheung, University of California, Los Angeles, USA Marise Cremona, European University Institute, Italy Bruce Cumings, University of Chicago, USA Lawrence M. Friedman, Stanford University, USA Robert M. Hauser, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Ronnie Po-chia Hsia, Pennsylvania State University, USA Paul Lauter, Trinity College, USA John McDowell, University of Pittsburgh, USA John Parham, University of Worcester, UK EDITORIAL BOARD Chih-hsing Ho, Academia Sinica Chung-Li Wu, Academia Sinica Kuey-Ying Catherine Li, Soochow University Hsiu-Chuan Lee, National Taiwan Normal University Tzu-Wei Hung, Academia Sinica Der-Chin Horng, Academia Sinica Wen-Chen Chang, National Taiwan University Szu-Ting Chen, National Tsing Hua University Ray-May Hsung, National Chengchi University Shun-Liang Chao, National Chengchi University Norman Y. Teng, Academia Sinica Yeu-Sheng Hsieh, National Taiwan University Chih-Mei Luo, National Taipei University EDITOR-IN-CHIEF / Norman Y. Teng EXECUTIVE EDITOR / Tzu-Wei Hung ASSISTANT EDITOR / Jeffrey N. C. Cuvilier MANAGING EDITOR / Mei-Tung Wu BUSINESS ASSISTANT / Shao-Ching Chiu Founded in 1971, American Studies has been renamed EurAmerica as of September 1991 (Vol. 21, No. 3). The journal is devoted to the publication of scholarly papers from a wide variety of perspectives on European and American cultures. It is published quarterly in March, June, September and December by the Institute of European and American Studies (formerly the Institute of American Culture), Academia Sinica. EurAmerica is a multiple winner of the National Science Council Award for Outstanding Academic Journal in Taiwan. The journal has been ranked Tier 1 in 2011-2018 by the Evaluation Program for Academic Journals of the Humanities and Social Sciences for the category of multidisciplinary journal by Taiwan’s Ministry of Science and Technology. It is indexed/abstracted in Academic OneFile, Airiti Library, America: History and Life, AsiaWorld Academic Research Database, Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Historical Abstracts, Hyread Journal, International Bibliography of Periodical Literature in the Humanities and Social Sciences (IBZ), International Political Science Abstracts (IPSA), Lawdata, MLA International Bibliography, Periodicals Index Online, Political Science Complete, SocINDEX, Sociological Abstracts (SOCA), Taiwan Citation Index-Humanities and Social Sciences (TCI-HSS), Taiwan Periodical Literature System, and Worldwide Political Science Abstracts. Please submit manuscripts using our online submission system at Contributors are advised to consult the Submission Guidelines on the website. For questions, please contact us at Subscription rates: NT$100/single copy, and NT$400/year in Taiwan; US$4/single copy, and US$16/year abroad (shipment excluded). Telephone: (02) 37897212 Fax: (02) 27851787 Publication Date: June 2022 Copyright © 2022 by the Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica Print ISSN 1021-3058 / Online ISSN 1991-7864 DOI: 10.7015/JEAS