Age, gender and health disparities in Hungary
This paper uses World Values Survey data to investigate self-perceived health and its determinants in Hungary. Ordinal logistic regression modelling suggests that age, subjective well-being, and/or level of education and social economic status are significantly associated with self-perceived health. Vital statistics reveal that the life expectancy of Hungarian females at birth is 10% greater than that of their male counterparts (79.1vs. 72.2 in 2013). However, expected healthy years at birth in terms of percentage of the total life expectancy was almost 6 percentage points less for females than for their male counterparts (76.0% vs. 81.8%) in Hungary. This implies that, on average, women live longer, and yet are less healthy than men. Nevertheless, no significant gender difference has been found in self-perceived health in the above mentioned ordinal logistic models of Hungary. These contradictory findings might be associated with other hidden factors which require further investigation.