歐美研究季刊第46卷第1期 - page 48

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their lifetime some form of violence from men, the majority at the
hands of
husbands, intimate partners or someone they know.
4
In
Asia and the Pacific “thirty to fifty-seven percent of men”
acknowledge having “perpetrated physical and/or sexual intimate
partner violence in their lifetime” (Fulu, et. al., 2013: 2). In the
European Union, “one in three women” of age fifteen and above
has experienced some form of physical and/or sexual violence.
5
Notably, in France “118 women were killed by their (ex-) partners”
in 2014.
6
In the United Kingdom “one in four women” will suffer
some kind of domestic abuse during their lifetime (Boggan, 2013);
in 2014 alone, official statistics show “a possible forced marriage
in
1267 cases” (Home Office, 2014). Across the Atlantic, the
situations in the two largest countries of North America are: in
Canada, female constitutes “eighty-five percent” of the victims of
intimate partner violence (Beaupré, 2015: 3); in the United States
“nearly one in five women say they have been sexually assaulted”
(Rabin, 2011).
Behind the statistics, how might this problem be addressed?
That is, while the statistics do not present VAW in terms of massive
violations of women’s rights as human rights, much less suggest a
solution, it does speak well of the global campaign to eradicate
VAW that few would deny that connection, and many have often
arrived at this question: how might the former be addressed in
terms of the latter? The answer
undoubtedly
is very complex.
7
I
4
“Violence Against Women: The Situation,” press material from United Nations
Secretary-General’s Campaign to End Violence against Women (UN Department
of Public Information, 2011).
5
“Zero tolerance of violence against women,” (European Commission, 2015).
6
“Les chiffres de référence,” (Ministère des Affairs Sociales, de la Santé, et des
Droits des Femmes, 2015). Translation mine.
7
Given the multi-faceted nature of VAW, the growing consensus is on systematic
and comprehensive approach involving a wide array of policies and measures in
assorted combinations that include, but are not limited to, constitutional reform
and robust legislation, shelter service, gender mainstreaming, broad-based social
movement, cosmopolitan feminist project, education and publicity campaigns.
Notably, see
Carrillo, Connor, Fried, Sandler, & Waldorf (2003); Davies (1994);
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