The Reaction and Possible Influences of the South China Sea Arbitration
Author：Yann-Huei Song Research Fellow
Origin of Topic
The South China Sea Arbitration was called by the Western media the “trial of the century”, but it was criticized by mainland China for being a “political arbitration”, “political farce”, and a piece of “scrap paper” pretending to be a justified lawsuit. On July 12, 2016, the Registrar of the Court of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) in Peace Palace in The Hague, the Netherlands, published its definitive and final award that concluded the controversy surrounding the arbitration.
On the surface, the South China Sea Arbitration was finalized. However, the political, foreign relations, strategic security, and legal issues derived from the decision not only continued to build up the disputes of the sovereignty and maritime rights of the South China Sea islands but also escalated the tension in the region. What will be the follow-up development? This may depend on how the two opposing parties in the arbitration, mainland China and the Philippines, and the key player, the United States, would react under the circumstances. With Taiwan as one of the neighboring countries in the South China Sea, there is no doubt a high degree of concern surrounding the follow-up development and reaction of the arbitration is necessary. Consequently, this article will discuss the reaction and possible influence of all parties involved in the South China Sea Arbitration, and how Taiwan should devise a course of action in order to respond accordingly in the future.